To perform hands-only CPR on a child that is over 1 year old, you have to follow the same steps as for adults:

1. Examine location for any danger

  • If the child is laying in a dangerous area like on the motorway or in a fire, try to move them by placing a blanket underneath them
  • Do not put yourself in a risky situation

2. Check the child’s responsiveness

  • Shout and touch the child to check if they respond – if there is no response, continue with the following steps

3. Call the ambulance service

  • Call 911 for the US or send someone else to call so you can being the CPR procedure
  • If you are alone, start CPR first for around 2 minutes and then make the call
  • The ambulance service will also provide you with tips to continue CPR

4. Place the child on his or her back and sit next to the shoulders

  • Be sure to place the victim on a solid surface

5. Place the heel of one hand on the center of the person’s chest

6. Place your other hand on top of the first hand

  • Interlock your fingers, keep your elbows straight and your shoulders directly over your hands

7. Start Chest Compression

  • Push your hands at least 2 inches / 5 cm by using your upper body weight
  • Perform 30 chest compression’s at a rate of roughly 100 compression’s per minute
  • Continue CPR until person starts breathing again or help arrives

 

For infants younger than 1 year you have to consider following things when compressing:

  • Imagine a horizontal line drawn between the nipples
  • Put two fingers in the center of the chest just below this line
  • Use the heel of one hand if you cannot press deep enough with two fingers
  • Compress the chest about 1.5 inches / 4 cm
  • Compress about 100 times per minute

 

What to do if your child is younger than one year ?

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