Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, more commonly known as CPR, is a first aid method used to revive someone who has stopped breathing or is suffering from a sudden cardiac arrest. CPR helps the victim maintaining oxygen and circulation running through the body, keeping them alive until emergency services arrive. Such emergencies can happen any time and anywhere. Follow these steps to learn how to perform CPR when the time calls.

How to perform hands-only CPR to save a life:

1. Remove yourself and the victim from harm’s way

  • If the victim is lying in a dangerous area like a motorway or a fire, move the victim to a safe area clear of danger

2. Check for victim’s responsiveness

  • Try to elicit a response from the victim by touching and shouting at the victim – if the victim does not respond, continue with the following steps

3. Call the ambulance service

  • Call your local emergency contact or send someone else to call so you can begin the CPR procedure
  • The ambulance service will also provide you with tips to continue CPR

4. Place the victim on his or her back 

  • Be sure to place the victim on a solid surface

5. Place the heel of one hand on the center of the person’s chest

6. Place your other hand on top of the first hand

  • Interlock your fingers, keep your elbows straight and your shoulders directly over your hands

7. Start Chest Compression

  • Push your hands down at least 5 cm / 2 inches by using your upper body weight
  • Perform 30 chest compression’s at a rate of 100x per minute – push as hard and fast as possible
  • Continue CPR until person starts breathing again or until help arrives


Now that you have learned how to perform hands-only CPR, learn also how to do hands-only CPR on children.

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